New Delhi:

Bengaluru remained as the top city on government's Ease of Living Index 2020,an assessment tool that evaluates the quality of life and the impact of various initiatives for urban development that was released by Housing and Urban Affairs Minister Hardeep Singh Puri on Thursday.

Pune was second and Ahmedabad was ranked third among 111 cities.

The Ease of Living Index is a framework to measure the improved wellbeing of citizens and therefore to assess improvement in liveability.

The rankings under Ease of Living Index 2020 were announced for cities with a population of more than a million, and cities with less than a million people.and has evaluated 111 Indian cities across the country.

This index was first launched in 2018 and is based on indicators across 15 evaluation criteria. These criteria include governance, identity and culture, education, health, safety and security, economy, affordable housing, land use planning, public open spaces, transportation and mobility, assured water supply, waste-water management, solid waste management, power, and quality of environment.

It provides a comprehensive understanding of participating cities across India based on quality of life, economic-ability of a city, and its sustainability and resilience.

The assessment also incorporates the residents' view on the services provided by city administration through a Citizen Perception Survey.

Puri announced the release of the final rankings of Ease of Living Index (EoLI) 2020 and the Municipal Performance Index (MPI) 2020 in an online event.

."The Municipal Performance Index (MPI) seeks to examine local government practice in municipalities across areas of services, finance, policy, technology and governance. It seeks to simplify and evaluate the complexities in local governance practice and promote the ethos of transparency and accountability.Both the indices represent an attempt to gauge the performance of cities across India on various parameters of urban living. The Ease of Living Index encapsulates the outcome indicators while the Municipal Performance Index captures the enabling input parameters. These indices provide a holistic assessment of cities based on their efforts to cultivate better quality of life, create infrastructure, and address challenges of urbanization," said Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs in a statement.

Top 10 cities in the million plus category

Among Indian cities with a population of over a million, the ease of living is the highest in Bengaluru, Pune and Ahmedabad, according to the Ease of Living Index 2020.

1. Bengaluru

2. Pune

3. Ahmedabad

4. Chennai

5. Surat

6. Navi Mumbai

7. Coimbatore

8. Vadodara

9. Indore

10. Greater Mumbai

Top 10 cities in less than million category

In cities with population less than a million, Shimla was ranked the highest, followed by Bhubaneswar and Silvassa.

1. Shimla

2. Bhubaneswar

3. Silvassa

4. Kakinada

5. Salem

6. Vellore

7. Gandhinagar

8. Gurugram

9. Davanagere

10. Tiruchirappalli