Prime Minister Narendra Modi will launch the first Health and Wellness Centre component of the Ayushman Bharat Programe at Bijapur, Chattisgarh, on April 14.
The Ayushman Bharat has twin missions. First, creating a network of Health and Wellness Centres to deliver comprehensive primary healthcare close to the community, and second, providing insurance cover to 40 per cent of India’s population, that is most deprived, for secondary and tertiary care including for instance, hospitalization costs.
Under a Ayushman Bharat, government aims to set up 1.5 lakh wellness centre by 2022 that will leverage on comprehensive primary health care for preventive, promotive and curative care
PM will also launch the aspirational district programme at Bijapur.
The two programmes-Ayushman Bharat and aspirational district programme- are key initiatives of the NITI Aayog. Under the 'Transformation of Aspirational Districts’ programme, the government aims to quickly and effectively transform the 115 districts based on real-time monitoring.In January this year, Niti Aayog had identified 115 aspirational districts which occupy the bottom of the list of the districts in the country. Even though nearly 20 per cent of the population in the country live in these districts, they continue to be backward in social and economical indicators.
The broad contours of the programme are convergence (of Central & State Schemes), collaboration of Central, State level ‘Prabhari’ Officers & District Collectors), and Competition among districts driven by a mass Movement. The idea is to focus on the strength of each district, identify low-hanging fruits for immediate improvement, measure progress and rank districts.
Bijapur is among 115 poorest districts in the country which have been selected on the basis of their poor indicators in the field of education, health, basic infrastructure and financial inclusion.
According to NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant, Bijapur was among those districts that have shown notable improvement in percentage change in key indicators since the programme was first announced in January this year. “Bijapur is second on a list of the aspirational districts which have shown maximum improvement potential in a short span of three months, after Bahraich in Uttar Pradesh,” Kant said.
Moreover, it lies in one of the most remote terrains, Naxal-infested and tribals constitute 81 per cent of its population. But it has a very dynamic district collector who has been able to increase the number of doctors working in district government hospitals from just 1 to 28 in no time, he said.