Reversing their three-month buying streak, foreign investors pulled out a net Rs 3,207 crore from the Indian capital markets in the first seven trading sessions of May amid the US-China trade tensions and uncertainty over the election results.
Prior to this, foreign portfolio investors (FPI) poured in a net Rs 16,093 crore in April, Rs 45,981 crore in March and Rs 11,182 crore in February in the domestic capital markets (both equity and debt).
During the period between May 2-10, FPIs invested a net sum of Rs 1,344.72 crore in equities but pulled out a net Rs 4,552.20 crore from the debt market, taking the total net outflow to Rs 3,207.48 crore, latest depositories data showed.
Markets were closed on May 1 on account of Maharashtra Day.
"While the long-term growth prospect remains for India, we have seen short-term headwinds in May," said Alok Agarwala, Senior VP and Head – Investment Analytics at Bajaj Capital.
Foreign investors have been net buyers in the Indian markets for the past three months after central banks of various developed countries changed their stance on monetary policy, leading to improved global liquidity conditions.
However, "the recent reversal of trend in the Indian capital markets can be attributed to the emerging discussions over US-China trade war and uncertainty over election outcome, among other factors," said Harsh Jain, COO at Groww.in.
Agarwala attributed the outflow from debt market to higher supply of bonds (G-secs) in the current financial year and rising crude oil prices that will affect the current account deficit, rupee and push up inflation to some extent.
Further, he said "the key risk for the FPI inflow in the Indian market could be an escalation in US-China trade war and the formation of a coalition government post-election if any single party cannot get a clear majority."
Meanwhile,nine of the 10 most valued Indian companies suffered a combined erosion of Rs 1.60 lakh crore in market valuation last week, with Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL) taking the biggest knock.
Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) was the lone gainer among the 10 frontline companies, while the rest nine saw their market capitalisation (m-cap) plummet for the week ended Friday.
RIL's valuation plunged Rs 99,212.9 crore to Rs 7,92,680.96 crore. RIL also lost its status as the country's most valued firm to TCS on Thursday.
HDFC Bank's market cap eroded by Rs 19,634 crore to Rs 6,25,874.51 crore and that of HDFC dropped Rs 13,573.5 crore to Rs 3,32,435.38 crore.
The m-cap of ICICI Bank dived Rs 10,974.8 crore to Rs 2,48,112.25 crore and of ITC tumbled Rs 7,232.6 crore to Rs 3,64,939.46 crore.
The valuation of Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd diminished by Rs 4,409.41 crore to Rs 2,66,292.11 crore and that of Infosys decreased by Rs 3,364.07 crore to stand at Rs 3,12,837.34 crore.
HUL's m-cap fell by Rs 1,233.88 crore to Rs 3,65,207.28 crore and of SBI declined Rs 981.71 crore to Rs 2,74,922.66 crore.In contrast, TCS added Rs 1,144.48 crore to its valuation to reach Rs 8,01,340.52 crore.
In the order of top-10 firms, TCS was at the number one position, followed by RIL, HDFC Bank, Hindustan Unilever Ltd (HUL), ITC, HDFC, Infosys, SBI, Kotak Mahindra Bank and ICICI Bank.
Markets buckled under selling pressure for the eighth straight session Friday — marking their longest losing streak since mid-February — as investors remained on the sidelines amid the US-China trade tensions and lacklustre corporate earnings.
Over the last week, the Sensex lost a hefty 1,500.27 points, or 3.85 per cent, to close at 37,462.99 on Friday.